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美国舰队网络司令部(FLTCYBERCOM)和美国舰队司令部(USFF)重组海军网络组织结构

4月18日,美国海军宣布美国舰队网络司令部(FLTCYBERCOM)和美国舰队司令部(USFF)重组海军网络组织结构,以提高效率并确保网络空间优势。

From U.S. Fleet Cyber Command / U.S Tenth Fleet Public Affairs Office

FORT GEORGE G. MEADE, Md. (NNS) -- U.S. Fleet Cyber Command (FLTCYBERCOM) and U.S. Fleet Forces Command (USFF) administratively realigned the Navy's cyber organizational structure April 18, to enhance efficiency and maintain optimal effectiveness of the cyber domain.

Vice Adm. Barry McCullough, commander, U.S. Fleet Cyber Command/U.S. Tenth Fleet, said the realignment will enhance the Navy's ability to remain a leader in cyberspace operations and provide the command and control structure necessary to achieve decision superiority in the information domain.

"This realignment solidifies the operational and administrative control of our cyber force and creates the foundation for a capability never before seen in the Navy," said McCullough. "It will enhance the operational readiness of our cyber forces and help ensure we can maintain freedom of action and achieve military objectives in and through cyberspace by delivering integrated cyber, information operations, cryptologic and space capabilities to the Fleet."

Under the new structure announced in NAVADMIN 130/11, FLTCYBERCOM will assume administrative control (ADCON) of the subordinate shore commands over which they have had Operational Control (OPCON) including Navy cyber, network operations, information operations, cryptologic, and space forces.

Commander, Fleet Cyber Command will continue to serve as the Navy's Service Cryptologic Component Commander (SCC) to the National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS), and is responsible for man, train and equip (MT&E) functions of the consolidated cryptologic program (CCP) resourced cryptologic workforce.

Navy Cyber Forces (CYBERFOR), as delegated by Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command, remains the global C5I Type Commander responsible to man, train and equip all C5I forces afloat and ashore, to generate required levels of current and future cyber force readiness. CYBERFOR also retains responsibilities as the Command Information Officer/N6 for USFF, as well as the Chief Executive Officer of the Navy Information Dominance Enterprise.

The new cyber structure will provide an unambiguous command and administrative control lines of authority and accountability of Navy cyber forces and optimal resource management and ensure the Navy provides cyber forces that are ready for tasking and cyber activities that are effectively manned, trained, and equipped.

海军网络部队实际上是兵种司令部,与其他兵种司令部(海军航空兵、海军水面部队、海军潜艇部队)性质是保持一致的,负责提供兵力:人员到位、培训、装备。
第10舰队与其他编号舰队则是作战指挥部门。

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幻客:
带编号舰队——比如:第7舰队、第10舰队,与大西洋舰队、太平洋舰队是何关系?

舰队与舰队司令部(U.S. Fleet Forces Command)又是何关系?
严以律己,宽以待人,沉默是金!

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美国海军现在还是“两洋舰队”,两个提供兵力的司令部:舰队司令部(Fleet Forces Command),太平洋舰队(Pacific Fleet)。舰队司令部即以前的大西洋舰队。
编号舰队(numbered fleets)级别要低一档次,它们要么有专门的责任区域(2、3、4、5、6、7),要么有专门的职能使命(10)。
第2舰队责任区域是美国东海岸和北大西洋,隶属于舰队司令部。依据今年初五角大楼关于效能倡议,这支舰队即将撤销以节省开支。
第3舰队责任区域是美国西海岸和东太平洋,隶属于太平洋舰队。
第4舰队责任区域是南大西洋和加勒比海,该舰队是海军南方司令部作战番号。
第5舰队责任区域是西印度洋和波斯湾,该舰队是海军中央司令部作战番号。
第6舰队责任区域是地中海,隶属于驻欧-非美国海军。
第7舰队责任区域是西太平洋和东印度洋,隶属于太平洋舰队。
第10舰队担负海军网络使命,该舰队是舰队网络司令部作战番号。

除第10舰队外,其他编号舰队都有船舰。2、3、6、7舰队拥有常备船舰,4、5舰队则是特遣部队性质,临时编配所需船舰从其他舰队调集。
海军南方司令部、海军中央司令部、驻欧洲-非洲美国海军、舰队网络司令部,这四个是独立于两洋舰队的作战司令部。类似性质的还有海军远征作战司令部、海军特种战司令部。

海军常规兵种分为海军航空兵(Naval Air Forces或Naval Aviation)、水面部队(Surface Forces)、潜艇部队(Submarine Forces)、以及新近建立的网络部队(Cyber Forces)。兵种类型司令部(Type Commands)置于两洋舰队管辖。例如,网络部队隶属于舰队司令部,海军航空兵隶属于太平洋舰队。兵种类型司令部是兵力提供者,负责训练和列装工作。

美国海军兵种归类:
海军航空兵:固定翼机、直升机、航母
潜艇部队:潜艇
水面部队:航母之外的其他水面军舰
网络部队:网络/电子战/信息战、空间、情报
海军远征作战司令部:宪兵、内河部队、军械爆破处理、海军工程建设兵(海蜂)、民事、打捞
海军特种战司令部:特种部队

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舰队赛博司令部同时管网战和空间战,就好比空军航天司令部同时管网战和空间战,因为觉得赛博空间与物理空间存在某种共同性。空间战很大程度是依赖卫星,卫星控涉及到通信,脱离不了电磁,与赛博是紧密相关的。

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