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标题: 北美防空司令部:俄罗斯准备在未来的几天内于北极圈试射洲际弹道导弹。 [打印本页]

作者: 坍缩    时间: 2010-10-29 00:36     标题: 北美防空司令部:俄罗斯准备在未来的几天内于北极圈试射洲际弹道导弹。

原帖:http://barentsobserver.com/major-icbm-drill-over-the-arctic.4835882-116321.html

Major ICBM drill over the Arctic

2010-10-27

NORAD: From the Barents Observer; Russia to test ICBMs over Arctic.
Russia prepares to test launch several intercontinental ballistic missiles over the Arctic the next couple of days.
北美防空司令部:俄罗斯准备在未来的几天内于北极圈试射若干洲际弹道导弹。


On Thursday the Russian navy will launch intercontinental missiles of the Sineva class from nuclear submarines in the Arctic Ocean and the Pacific, a military source told Interfax. At the same time there will be launches from strategic missile complexes based on land.
据军方声明,本周四,俄海军将于北冰洋和太平洋发射SS-N-23 M1 (Sineva)(注:又叫 R - 29RM“西涅瓦”(Sineva)潜射弹道导弹)。同时也将进行陆基战略导弹的合成发射。

According to the source, the U.S. has been informed about the test launches, in accordance with existing agreements.
The last time a Sineva missile was launched from Arctic waters, was in August this year, when the Northern Fleet’s Delta IV class nuclear powered submarine “Tula” launched two ballistic missiles from the Barents Sea to the Kamchatka Peninsula, as BarentsObserver reported. Also the Northern Fleet’s Delta IV class submarine ”Yekaterinburg” has been used for launching Sineva missiles from the Barents Sea. Which of the six Delta IV subs belonging to the North Fleet that are going to launch missiles on Thursday, remains unknown.
据悉,按照已有协议,美国已收到试射的消息。据Barents Observer报道, 上次SS-N-23 M1是今年8月在北冰洋发射的,当时北方舰队的“德尔塔IV”级弹道导弹核潜艇“图拉”也发射了两枚从巴伦支海到堪察加半岛的弹道导弹。另外,北方舰队D-IV级潜艇“叶卡捷琳堡”号也被用于从巴伦支海发射SS-N-23 M1  。北方舰队目前有6艘D-IV级,到底哪一艘将于周四发射,目前还不知道。

The training will involve various components of offensive and defensive strategic weapons. Also the preparedness of space and ground echelons of missile warning systems and the anti-missile defense will be tested, said Interfax’ source.
本次演习将涉及战略武器进攻和防御的各个部分。据悉,本次也将测试空(天)地导弹预警系统和反导系统。

The next day, on Friday, Russia plans to test launch another one of its brand new sub-launched ballistic missiles of the Bulava class. The launch will probably be conducted from the rebuilt Typhoon-class nuclear submarine “Dmitry Donskoy”, the only sub so far to launch the hi-tech ballistic missile. It has earlier been said that if the next test is a success, the planned third test launch this year could be conducted from the submarine “Yury Dolgoruky”, the first of Russia’s fourth generation strategic Borey-class subs.
周五,俄军计划试射另一枚“布拉瓦”。这次发射可能由改造完毕的“台风”级“德米特里・东斯科伊”(见注1)发射,它也是目前为止唯一发射过这种高科技弹道导弹的潜艇。早些时候,有消息说,如果下次试射也成功的话,那么计划中的第三次试射将由俄罗斯第四代战略潜艇“北风之神”的第一艘“尤里·多尔戈鲁基”号发射。

注1:2002年6月26日,俄罗斯海军最新一艘战略核潜艇在北德文斯克造船厂下水,它是由该厂经过12年时间在第三代战略核潜艇“鲨鱼”级(北约称为“台风”级)基础上改进完成的,并正式命名为“德米特里·东斯科伊”号,是目前世界上最重最大的水下战舰。 这艘改进型“鲨鱼”级潜艇属于第四代。 为了能够用弹道导弹攻击美国本土,20世纪70年初,前苏联制订了代号为“941”的新型核潜艇研制计划。鲨鱼是海洋中最令人生畏的生物,它能够悄无声息地迅速游向猎物,以迅雷不及掩耳之势给猎物以致命一击。用鲨鱼来命名潜艇是再贴切不过了。因此,前苏联将“941”项目计划研制的新型核潜艇定为“鲨鱼”级,并交由圣彼得堡红宝石设计局设计、北方机械制造厂制造。第一艘“鲨鱼”级于1980年9月下水,1981年进入前苏联海军服役,至前苏联解体前已经有6艘下水服役。由于俄罗斯经济长期不景气,军队预算大幅削减,“941”的建造计划陷于停顿,原计划用5年时间改造完成的“德米特里·东斯科伊”号核潜艇,试航日期一拖再拖,直到6月26日才正式下水。




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