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关于Civilian authority的意思?

看有关1986改组法的文章时碰到这个词 不明白到底是什么意思
Civilian Authority
翻译软件翻成两种:1.民权  2.文职机关
请问到底指什么意思
我目前猜想是文职机关 是不是指除军队以外的国家政府机关 求解答!

civilian authority 在 <新世纪英汉科技大词典> 中的 解释:民政当局

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civilian authority 在  中的 解释:民政当局
诺方 发表于 2011-5-11 16:56

With its desire to create a more appropriate balance between joint and service interests as a backdrop, Congress declared eight purposes for the act, the last having two parts:
* to reorganize DOD and strengthen civilian authority

* to improve the military advice provided to the President, National Security Council, and Secretary of Defense
* to place clear responsibility on the commanders of the unified and specified combatant commands for the accomplishment of missions assigned to those commands
* to ensure that the authority of commanders of unified and specified combatant commands is fully commensurate with the responsibility of those commanders for the
accomplishment of missions assigned to those commands

* to increase attention to strategy formulation and contingency planning
* to provide for the more efficient use of defense resources
* to improve joint officer management policies
* otherwise to enhance the effectiveness of military operations and improve DOD management and administration.
要是按“民政当局”,感觉解释不通啊!

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加强文职领导。
Justice is the greatest good 正义是最大的善
Injustice is the greatest evil 不公是最大的恶

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指的就是文职的国防部长

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