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Submarines: Vietnam Gets Game Against China

February 20, 2014: On the last day of 2013 Vietnam received its first submarine, a Russian made Kilo class boat. This is the first of six Kilos, which were ordered in 2009 and cost $2.1 billion. The Kilos are based at Cam Ranh Bay, a deep water port developed by the United States during the 1960s and has since then been a major shipping and ship maintenance facility. The Russian fleet has used the facilities there for three decades.

2013年最后一天,越南海军接收了其第一艘潜艇,俄制基洛级潜艇。这是6艘基洛级中的第一艘,该项价值21亿美元的合同于2009年签署。基洛级以金兰湾为基地,该深水港口于上世纪60年代由美军兴建,自此之后成为主要海运和轮船维修地。俄罗斯舰队曾经使用了三十年该设施。

The Kilos weigh 2,300 tons (surface displacement), have six torpedo tubes, and a crew of 57. They are quiet and can travel about 700 kilometers under water at a quiet speed of about five kilometers an hour. Kilos carry 18 torpedoes or SS-N-27 anti-ship missiles (with a range of 300 kilometers and launched underwater from the torpedo tubes). The combination of quietness and cruise missiles makes Kilo very dangerous to surface ships.

基洛级水面排水量为2300吨,拥有6个鱼雷发射管,57名艇员。该潜艇非常安静,可以在水下以5千米/小时的安静航速航行700千米。基洛级可携带18枚鱼雷或SS-N-27反舰导弹(300千米射程,在水下从鱼雷发射管发射)。安静性和巡航导弹的搭配使得基洛级对水面舰艇来说相当危险。

North Korea, China, and Iran have also bought Kilos. China is building its own unlicensed version of the Kilo (the Type 41 Song class). Considering the low price, it appears that the Vietnamese boats do not have AIP (Air Independent Propulsion), which allows non-nuclear boats to stay underwater for weeks at a time.

朝鲜、中国、伊朗都买过基洛级。中国正在建造其山寨版(41型宋级)。考虑到成本较低,越南人的基洛级应该没有AIP(不依赖空气推进)系统,该系统可以使常规潜艇在水下一次待几周。

The Kilos are the first subs the Vietnamese Navy has ever had are were obtained to provide some defense against growing Chinese naval power.

基洛级是越南海军获得的第一种潜艇,可以抵御部分日益增长的中国海军军力。

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